When you add hosts to a WVD hostpool, and want to do so programmatically, this can be done by seperately deploying new hosts.
Redeploying an existing host manually is easy if it isn’t persistent, but if the disk should be retained, you’ll want to disconnect and reconnect it. This would require a lot of scripting (or third party tools).
As I wanted to keep our WVD solution contained to a single ARM template, some creativity was needed. For example, when deploying a new host that has a newer version of a gallery image, ARM would normally complain that the existing hosts don’t have the correct image version and it can’t change that for you since it is a read-only property (imageReference). Another example would be to move the VM between availability zones.
Linked WVD ARM template solves all these issues, but has a couple of important parameters to be aware of if you’re going to use it;
redeploy: set to true in a scenario where you want to upgrade existing hosts, e.g. from a different VM type, or want to redeploy to another availability Zone. It will use the provided list of disk names to create new VM’s based on these existing disks
existingDiskNames: if redeploy = true, supply the list of disk names of the persist VM’s you just deleted.
vmNumberOfInstances: the number of VM’s you want to have (including existing VM’s)
existingNumberOfInstances: the number of VM’s already present in the hostpool when running this arm template. #3 and #4 should be the same if redeploy = true, the template does not support redeploying and expanding the hostpool in the same deployment, this should be done in order.
After redeploying hosts, make sure to reconnect the users as they were assigned before you deleted them.
This example ARM template will enable the Diagnostics setting for the hostpool, workspace and application group vectors. To get data from VM’s (hosts), use your preferred method (plenty of examples exist already and depend on your setup).
In Windows Virtual Desktop (ARM version), applications are part of application groups, which in turn get nested under Workspaces.
In an ‘Infra As Code’ world these should be deployed through ARM templates (or Az Cli/Ps scripts). I had a long wrestle with ARM today getting applications assigned to workspaces ONLY if they weren’t already assigned.
Azure throws a friendly 400 error if you try to add an app that already exists, and interestingly, the ARM ‘contains’ function fails to properly evaluate WVD Workspace members when in a nested template.
So, I had to resort to some trickery by converting it to a string. For anyone else wanting to incrementally attach application groups to workspaces, feel free to copy/clone my template 🙂
When deploying a Static Website to Azure storage with CDN, the CDN endpoint requires the static website hostname. MS docs don’t show how to retrieve this data (other than clicking in the portal). Playing around with Fiddler, I noticed a call to management.azure.com when enabling a static site manually and tried to reproduce this with the Reference function in ARM, which returned the full static website endpoint url including the zone identifier:
Sadly, ‘Reference’ is not available for use in other functions, such as Concat, so you’ll have to pass this as output from the storage template to your CDN template instead of combining both into a single template.
This brings us one step closer to a full ARM deployment of a static website, only actually enabling the static website feature on the storage account still requires using PS or Az Cli. But we’re in luck, running PowerShell in DevOps is easy 🙂
Here’s two ARM templates to showcase the Storage Account + CDN: